{"status":"ok","message-type":"work","message-version":"1.0.0","message":{"indexed":{"date-parts":[[2022,12,5]],"date-time":"2022-12-05T18:54:52Z","timestamp":1670266492753},"reference-count":126,"publisher":"Springer Science and Business Media LLC","issue":"2","license":[{"start":{"date-parts":[[2005,6,1]],"date-time":"2005-06-01T00:00:00Z","timestamp":1117584000000},"content-version":"tdm","delay-in-days":0,"URL":"http:\/\/www.springer.com\/tdm"}],"content-domain":{"domain":[],"crossmark-restriction":false},"short-container-title":["Genet Program Evolvable Mach"],"published-print":{"date-parts":[[2005,6]]},"DOI":"10.1007\/s10710-005-7580-7","type":"journal-article","created":{"date-parts":[[2005,2,14]],"date-time":"2005-02-14T14:55:52Z","timestamp":1108392952000},"page":"191-220","source":"Crossref","is-referenced-by-count":78,"title":["Evolutionary Scheduling: A Review"],"prefix":"10.1007","volume":"6","author":[{"given":"Emma","family":"Hart","sequence":"first","affiliation":[]},{"given":"Peter","family":"Ross","sequence":"additional","affiliation":[]},{"given":"David","family":"Corne","sequence":"additional","affiliation":[]}],"member":"297","reference":[{"issue":"3","key":"CR1","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","first-page":"139","DOI":"10.1002\/(SICI)1099-1425(200005\/06)3:3<139::AID-JOS41>3.0.CO;2-2","volume":"3","author":"U. Aickelin","year":"2000","unstructured":"U. Aickelin and K. Dowsland ?Exploiting problem structure in a genetic algorithm approach to a nurse rostering problem,? Journal of Scheduling, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 139?153, 2000.","journal-title":"Journal of Scheduling"},{"key":"CR2","unstructured":"I. Al-Harkan ?On merging sequencing and scheduling theory with genetic algorithms to solve stochastic job shops,? PhD thesis, University of Oklahoma, 1997."},{"key":"CR3","volume-title":"Proceedings of the 7th annual Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Symposium","author":"L. Atlan","year":"May 1994","unstructured":"L. Atlan, J. Bonnet, and M. Naillon ?Learning distributed reactive strategies by genetic programming for the general job shop problem,? in Proceedings of the 7th annual Florida Artificial Intelligence Research Symposium, D. Dankel, and J. Stewman, (Eds.) IEEE Press, Pensacola, Florida, USA, May 1994."},{"key":"CR4","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","volume-title":"Multiobjective Scheduling by Genetic Algorithms","author":"T. Bagchi","year":"1999","unstructured":"T. Bagchi Multiobjective Scheduling by Genetic Algorithms, Kluwer: Boston, 1999.","DOI":"10.1007\/978-1-4615-5237-6"},{"key":"CR5","first-page":"10","volume-title":"Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Genetic Algorithms","author":"S. Bagchi","year":"1991","unstructured":"S. Bagchi, S. Uckun, Y. Miyabe, and K. Kawamura ?Exploring problem-specificrecombination operators for job shop scheduling,? in Proceedings of the Fourth International Conference on Genetic Algorithms, R. Belew and L. Booker, (Eds.) Morgan Kaufmann: San Mateo, 1991, pp. 10?17."},{"key":"CR6","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","unstructured":"A. Bauer, B. Bullnheimer, R. Hartl, and C. Strauss ?An ant colony optimization approach for the single machine tardiness problem,? in Proceedings of the 1999 Congress on Evolutionary Computation, P. Angeline, Z. Michalewicz, M. Schoenauer, X. Yao, and A. Zalzala (Eds.), IEEE Press, 1999, pp. 1445?1450.","DOI":"10.1109\/CEC.1999.782653"},{"issue":"11","key":"CR7","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","first-page":"1069","DOI":"10.1057\/jors.1990.166","volume":"41","author":"J. Beasley","year":"1990","unstructured":"J. Beasley ?Or-library: Distributing test problems by electronic mail,? Journal of the Operational Research Society, vol. 41, no. 11, pp. 1069?1072, 1990.","journal-title":"Journal of the Operational Research Society"},{"key":"CR8","volume-title":"Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Genetic Algorithms","year":"1991","unstructured":"R. Belew and B. L. Booker (Eds.), in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Genetic Algorithms. Morgan Kaufmann: San Mateo, 1991."},{"key":"CR9","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","first-page":"310","DOI":"10.1007\/3-540-61723-X_995","volume-title":"Parallel Problem Solving from Nature: PPSN IV","author":"C. Bierwirth","year":"1996","unstructured":"C. Bierwirth, D. Mattfeld, and H. Kopfer ?On permutation representations for scheduling problems,? in Parallel Problem Solving from Nature: PPSN IV, Y. Davidor, H.-P. Schwefel, and R. Manner (Eds.) Springer-Verlag: Berlin, 1996, LNCS 1141, pp. 310?318."},{"issue":"1","key":"CR10","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","first-page":"1","DOI":"10.1162\/evco.1999.7.1.1","volume":"7","author":"C. Bierwith","year":"1999","unstructured":"C. Bierwith and D. Mattfeld ?Production scheduling and rescheduling with genetic algorithms,? Evolutionary Computation, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 1?17, 1999.","journal-title":"Evolutionary Computation"},{"key":"CR11","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","first-page":"27","DOI":"10.1080\/00207548208947745","volume":"20","author":"J. Blackstone","year":"1982","unstructured":"J. Blackstone, D. Phillips, and G. Hogg ?A state-of-the-art survey of dispatching rules for manufacturing job operations,? International Journal of Production Research, vol. 20, pp. 27?45, 1982.","journal-title":"International Journal of Production Research"},{"key":"CR12","first-page":"578","volume-title":"in Evolutionary Multicriterion Optimization; EMO 2003","author":"C. Brizuela","year":"2003","unstructured":"C. Brizuela and R. Aceves ?Experimental genetic operators analysis for the multi-objective permutation flowshop,? in Evolutionary Multicriterion Optimization; EMO 2003, C. Fonseca, P. Fleming, E. Zitzler, K. Deb, and L. Thiele (Eds.) Springer-Verlag: Berlin, 2003, pp. 578?592."},{"key":"CR13","first-page":"352","volume-title":"Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Genetic Algorithms","author":"R. Bruns","year":"Feb. 1993","unstructured":"R. Bruns ?Direct chromosome representation and advanced genetic algorithms for production scheduling,? in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Genetic Algorithms, S. Forrest (Ed.), Morgan Kaufmann: San Mateo, Feb. 1993, pp. 352?359."},{"key":"CR14","volume-title":"Proceedings of EUROGEN?99","author":"A. Cardon","year":"1999","unstructured":"A. Cardon, T. Galinho, and J.-P. Vacher ?A multi-objective genetic algorithm in job shop scheduling problem to refine an agents? architecture,? in Proceedings of EUROGEN?99, K. Miettinen, M. M. M\u00e4kel\u00e4, P. Neittaanm\u00e4ki, and J. Periaux (Eds.) University of Jyv\u00e1skyl\u00e4, Jyv\u00e4skyl\u00e4, Finland, 1999."},{"key":"CR15","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","unstructured":"H. M. Cartwright and A. L. Tuson ?Genetic algorithms and flowshop scheduling: Towards the development of a real-time process control system,? in Selected Papers: AISB Workshop on Evolutionary Computing, T. C. Fogarty (Ed.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science No. 865, Springer Verlag, 1994, pp. 277?290.","DOI":"10.1007\/3-540-58483-8_21"},{"issue":"4","key":"CR16","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","first-page":"983","DOI":"10.1016\/0360-8352(96)00047-2","volume":"30","author":"R. Cheng","year":"1996","unstructured":"R. Cheng, M. Gen, and Y. Tsujimura ?A tutorial survey of job-shop scheduling problems using genetic algorithms?i. representation,? Computers and Industrial Engineering, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 983?997, 1996.","journal-title":"Computers and Industrial Engineering"},{"key":"CR17","unstructured":"S. Chien, A. Govindjee, T. Estlin, X. Wang, T. Fisher, and R. H. Jr ?Automating generation of tracking plans for a network of communications antennas,? in International Workshop on Planning and Scheduling for Space Exploration and Science: Workshop Notes, S. Chien (Ed.), NASA JPL, 1997."},{"key":"CR18","first-page":"160","volume-title":"Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Genetic Algorithms and their Applications","author":"G. A. Cleveland","year":"1989","unstructured":"G. A. Cleveland and S. F. Smith ?Using genetic algorithms to schedule flow shop releases,? in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Genetic Algorithms and their Applications, J. D. Schaffer (Ed.), Morgan Kaufmann: San Mateo, 1989, pp. 160?169."},{"key":"CR19","first-page":"39","volume":"34","author":"A. Colorni","year":"1994","unstructured":"A. Colorni, M. Dorigo, V. Maniezzo, and M. Trubian ?Ant system for job-shopscheduling,? JORBEL?Belgian Journal of Operations Research, Statistics and Computer Science, vol. 34, pp. 39?53, 1994.","journal-title":"JORBEL?Belgian Journal of Operations Research, Statistics and Computer Science"},{"key":"CR20","unstructured":"R. Congram, C. Potts, and S. Van de Velde ?An iterated dynasearch algorithmfor the single-machine total weighted tardiness scheduling problem,? Technical report, Faculty of Mathematical Studies, University of Southhampton, 1998."},{"key":"CR21","volume-title":"New Ideas in Optimization, chap. Ant Colony Optimization","year":"1999","unstructured":"D. Corne, M. Dorigo, and F. Glover, (Eds.) in New Ideas in Optimization, chap. Ant Colony Optimization. McGraw-Hill: London, 1999."},{"key":"CR22","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","unstructured":"D. Corne and J. Ogden ?Evolutionary optimisation of methodist preacher timetables,? in PATAT 97: Practice and Theory of Automated Timetabling II, 1997, pp. 142?156.","DOI":"10.1007\/BFb0055886"},{"key":"CR23","unstructured":"A. Costa, P. Vargas, F. Von Zuben, and P. Franca ?Makespan minimisation on parallel processors: An immune based approach,? in Proceedings of the 2002 Congress on EvolutionaryComputation (CEC2002), Fogel et al. (Eds.) IEEE Press, 2002, pp. 920?926."},{"key":"CR24","unstructured":"P. Cowling, G. Kendal, and L. Han ?An investigation of a hyper-heuristic genetic algorithm applied to a trainer scheduling problem,? in Proceedings of the 2002 Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC2002), Fogel et al. (Eds.) IEEE Press, 2002, pp. 118?1190."},{"key":"CR25","first-page":"1316","volume-title":"Proceedings of the IEEE Congress on Evolutionary Computation","author":"X. Cui","year":"2001","unstructured":"X. Cui, M. Li, and T. Fang ?Study of population diversity of multiobjectiveevolutionary algorithm based on immune and entropy principles,? in Proceedings of the IEEE Congresson Evolutionary Computation, IEEE Press: Piscataway, NJ, 2001, pp. 1316?1321."},{"key":"CR26","first-page":"136","volume-title":"Proceedings of the International Conference on Genetic Algorithms and their Applications","author":"L. Davis","year":"1985","unstructured":"L. Davis ?Job shop scheduling with genetic algorithms,? in Proceedings of the International Conference on Genetic Algorithms and their Applications, J. J. Grefenstette (Ed.), Morgan Kaufmann: San Mateo, 1985, pp. 136?140."},{"key":"CR27","volume-title":"Aritifical Immune Systems: A New Computational Intelligence Paradigm","author":"L. de Castro","year":"2002","unstructured":"L. de Castro and J. Timmis Aritifical Immune Systems: A New Computational Intelligence Paradigm. Springer, London, 2002."},{"key":"CR28","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","unstructured":"M. den Besten, T. St\u00fctzle, and M. Dorigo ?Ant colony optimization for thetotal weighted tardiness problem,? in Parallel Problem Solving from Nature: 6th International Conferencence, M. Schoenauer et al. (Eds.) Number 1917 in Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer Verlag, 2000, pp. 611?620.","DOI":"10.1007\/3-540-45356-3_60"},{"key":"CR29","first-page":"1231","volume-title":"Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference","author":"C. Dimopoulos","year":"13?17 July 1999","unstructured":"C. Dimopoulos and A. M. S. Zalzala ?Evolving scheduling policies through a genetic programming framework,? in Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference, W. Banzhaf, J. Daida, A. E. Eiben, M. H. Garzon, V. Honavar, M. Jakiela, and R. E. Smith (Eds.), Morgan Kaufmann: Orlando, Florida, USA, 13?17 July 1999, vol. 2, pp. 1231."},{"key":"CR30","first-page":"2207","volume-title":"Proceedings of the Congress on Evolutionary Computation","author":"C. Dimopoulos","year":"6?9 July 1999","unstructured":"C. Dimopoulos and A. M. S. Zalzala ?A genetic programming heuristic for the one-machine total tardiness problem, ?in Proceedings of the Congress on Evolutionary Computation, P. J. Angeline, Z. Michalewicz, M. Schoenauer, X. Yao, and A. Zalzala (Eds.) IEEE Press: Mayflower Hotel, Washington, D.C., USA, 6?9 July 1999, vol. 3, pp. 2207?2214."},{"key":"CR31","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","first-page":"489","DOI":"10.1016\/S0965-9978(00)00109-5","volume":"32","author":"C. Dimopoulos","year":"2001","unstructured":"C. Dimopoulos and A. M. S. Zalzala ?Investigating the use of genetic programming for a classic one-machine scheduling problem,? Advances in Engineering Software, vol. 32, pp. 489?498, 2001.","journal-title":"Advances in Engineering Software"},{"key":"CR32","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","first-page":"29","DOI":"10.1109\/3477.484436","volume":"26","author":"M. Dorigo","year":"1996","unstructured":"M. Dorigo, V. Maniezzo, and A. Colorni ?The ant system: Optimization by a colony of cooperating anrts,? IEEE Trans. Systems, Man and Cybernetics?Part B, vol. 26, pp. 29?41, 1996.","journal-title":"IEEE Trans. Systems, Man and Cybernetics?Part B"},{"key":"CR33","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","first-page":"25","DOI":"10.1016\/0305-0548(93)E0016-M","volume":"22","author":"U. Dorndorf","year":"1995","unstructured":"U. Dorndorf and E. Pesch ?Evolution based learning in a job shop scheduling environment,? Computers in Operations Research, vol. 22, pp. 25?40, 1995.","journal-title":"Computers in Operations Research"},{"key":"CR34","unstructured":"M. Drummond ?Scheduling benchmarks and related resources,? Newsletter of the AAAI SIGMAN, vol. 6, no. 3, 1993."},{"key":"CR35","unstructured":"F. Easton and N. Mansour ?A distributed ga for employee staffing and scheduling,? in [?] 1993, pp. 360-367."},{"key":"CR36","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","unstructured":"A. Eiben and C. Schippers ?Multi-parent?s niche: n-ary crossovers on nk-landscapes,? in Proceedings of the 4th Conference on Parallel Problem Solving from Nature, H.-M. Voigt, W. Ebeling, I. Rechenberg, and H.-P. Schwefel (Eds.) 1996, pp. 319?328.","DOI":"10.1007\/3-540-61723-X_996"},{"key":"CR37","first-page":"51","volume-title":"Applications of Evolutionary Computing, Proceedings of EvoWorkshops 2002","author":"S. Esquivel","year":"2002","unstructured":"S. Esquivel, G. Leguizamon, F. Zuppa, and R. Gallard ?A performance comparison of alternative heuristics for fsp,? in Applications of Evolutionary Computing, Proceedings of EvoWorkshops 2002, S. Cagnoni et al. (Eds.) Springer, Berlin, 2002, pp. 51?60."},{"key":"CR38","unstructured":"H.-L. Fang ?Genetic algorithms in timetabling and scheduling,? PhD thesis, Department of Artificial Intelligence, University of Edinburgh, 1994."},{"key":"CR39","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","unstructured":"H.-L. Fang, D. Corne, and P. Ross ?A genetic algorithm for job-shop problems with various schedule quality criteria,? in Evolutionary Computing: 1996 AISB Workshop: Selected Papers, T. Fogarty (Ed.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1143, Springer, 1996, pp. 39?49.","DOI":"10.1007\/BFb0032771"},{"key":"CR40","first-page":"375","volume-title":"Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Genetic Algorithms","author":"H.-L. Fang","year":"1993","unstructured":"H.-L. Fang, P. Ross, and D. Corne ?A promising Genetic Algorithm approach to job-shop scheduling, rescheduling, and open-shop scheduling problems,? in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Genetic Algorithms, S. Forrest (Ed.), Morgan Kaufmann: San Mateo, 1993, pp. 375?382."},{"key":"CR41","unstructured":"H.-L. Fang, P. Ross, and D. Corne ?A promising hybrid ga\/heuristic approach to open-shop scheduling problems,? in ECAI?94: Proceedings of the 11th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence, A. Cohn (Ed.), Wiley, 1994, pp. 590?594."},{"key":"CR42","first-page":"225","volume-title":"Industrial Scheduling","author":"H. Fisher","year":"1963","unstructured":"H. Fisher and G. L. Thompson ?Probabilistic learning combinations of local job-shop scheduling rules,? in Industrial Scheduling, J. F. Muth and G. L. Thompson (Eds.) Prentice Hall: Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1963, pp. 225?251."},{"key":"CR43","unstructured":"D. B. Fogel, M. A. El-Sharkawi, X. Yao, G. Greenwood, H. Iba, P. Marrow, and M. Shackleton (Eds.) in Proceedings of the 2002 Congress on Evolutionary Computation (CEC2002). IEEE Press, 2002."},{"key":"CR44","volume-title":"Sequencing and Scheduling","author":"S. French","year":"1982","unstructured":"S. French Sequencing and Scheduling, John Wiley: New York, 1982."},{"key":"CR45","unstructured":"T. Fukuda, M. Mori, and M. Tsukiyama ?Immune networks using genetic algorithms for adaptive production scheduling,? in Proceedings of the 15th IFAC World Congress, G. Goodwinand R. Evans (Eds.) Pergamon Press Ltd.: London, pp. 57?60."},{"issue":"4","key":"CR46","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","first-page":"487","DOI":"10.1287\/opre.8.4.487","volume":"8","author":"B. Giffler","year":"1960","unstructured":"B. Giffler and G. Thompson ?Algorithm for solving production scheduling problems,? Operations Research, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 487?503, 1960.","journal-title":"Operations Research"},{"key":"CR47","first-page":"467","volume-title":"First International Conference on Genetic Algorithms in Engineering Systems: Innovations and Applications GALESIA","author":"C. A. Grimes","year":"12?14 Sept. 1995","unstructured":"C. A. Grimes ?Application of genetic techniques to the planning of railway track maintenance work,? in First International Conference on Genetic Algorithms in Engineering Systems: Innovations and Applications, GALESIA, A. M. S. Zalzala (Ed.), IEE: Sheffield, UK, 12?14 Sept. 1995, vol. 414, pp. 467-472."},{"key":"CR48","unstructured":"L. Han, G. Kendall, and P. Cowling ?An adaptive length chromosome hyperheuristic genetic algorithm for a trainer scheduling proble,? Technical Report NOTTCS-TR-2002-5, University of Nottingham, 2002."},{"key":"CR49","unstructured":"M. Hapke, A. Jaskiewicz, and K. Kurowski ?Multi-objective genetic local search methods for the flowshopproblem,? in Advances in Nature-Inspired Computation: The PPSN VII Workshops, PEDAL, University of Reading, UK, 2002, pp. 22?23."},{"key":"CR50","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","first-page":"845","DOI":"10.1007\/BFb0056926","volume-title":"Parallel Problem Solving from Nature?PPSN V","author":"E. Hart","year":"1998","unstructured":"E. Hart and P. Ross ?A heuristic combination method for solving job-shop scheduling problems,? in Parallel Problem Solving from Nature?PPSN V, A. E. Eiben, T. B\u00e4ck, M. Schoenauer, and H.-P. Schwefel (Eds.) Springer: Berlin, 1998, pp. 845?854, Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1498."},{"key":"CR51","unstructured":"E. Hart and P. Ross ?An immune system approach to scheduling in changing environments,? in Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference?GECCO 1999, W. Banzhaf, J. Daida, A. E. Eiben, M. H. Garzon, V. Honavar, M. Jakiela, and R. E. Smith (Eds.), 1999, pp. 1559?1565."},{"key":"CR52","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","unstructured":"E. Hart and P. Ross ?A systematic investigation of ga performance on jobshop scheduling problems,? in Real-World Applications of Evolutionary Computing, S. Cagnoni et al. (Eds.) Springer, 2000, pp. 277-287.","DOI":"10.1007\/3-540-45561-2_27"},{"key":"CR53","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","unstructured":"E. Hart, P. Ross, and J. Nelson ?Producing robust schedules via an artificial immune system,? in IEEE World Congress on Computational Intelligence, ICEC 1998, IEEE Press, 1998, pp. 464?469.","DOI":"10.1109\/ICEC.1998.699852"},{"issue":"1","key":"CR54","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","first-page":"61","DOI":"10.1162\/evco.1998.6.1.61","volume":"6","author":"E. Hart","year":"1998","unstructured":"E. Hart, P. Ross, and J. Nelson ?Solving a real world problem using an evolving heuristically driven schedule builder,? Evolutionary Computation, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 61?80, 1998.","journal-title":"Evolutionary Computation"},{"issue":"1","key":"CR55","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","first-page":"394","DOI":"10.1016\/S0377-2217(99)00485-3","volume":"127","author":"S. Hartmann","year":"2000","unstructured":"S. Hartmann and R. Kolisch ?Experimental evaluation of state-of-the-art heuristics for the resource-constrainted scheduling problem,? European Journal of Operations Research, vol. 127, no. 1, pp. 394?407, 2000.","journal-title":"European Journal of Operations Research"},{"key":"CR56","unstructured":"J. Herrmann ?A genetic algorithm for minimax optimzation problems,? in Proceedings of the 1999 Congress on Evolutionary Computation, P. Angeline, Z. Michalewicz, M. Schoenhauer, X. Yao, and A. Zalzala (Eds.) IEEE Press, 1999, vol. 2, pp. 1099?1103."},{"key":"CR57","unstructured":"P. Husbands, M. McIlhagga, and R. Ives Handbook of Evolutionary Computation, chap. ?An ecosystem model for integrated production planning,? Institute of Physics Publishing and Oxford University Press: Bristol, New York, 1997, pp. G9.3:1?8."},{"key":"CR58","first-page":"264","volume-title":"Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Genetic Algorithms, 1991,","author":"P. Husbands","year":"1991","unstructured":"P. Husbands and F. Mill ?Simulated co-evolution as the mechanism for emergent planning and scheduling,? in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Genetic Algorithms, 1991, R. Belew, and B. L. Booker (Eds.) Morgan Kaufmann: San Mateo, 1991, pp. 264?270."},{"key":"CR59","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","unstructured":"P. Husbands, F. Mill, and S. Warrington ?Genetic algorithms, production planning optimisation and scheduling,? in Parallel Problem Solving from Nature, H.-P. Schwefel and R. M\u00e4nner (Eds.) vol. 496 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science, Springer, 1990, pp. 80?84.","DOI":"10.1007\/BFb0029735"},{"issue":"3","key":"CR60","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","first-page":"392","DOI":"10.1109\/5326.704576","volume":"28","author":"H. Ishibuchi","year":"1998","unstructured":"H. Ishibuchi and T. Murata ?Multi-objective genetic local search algorithm and its application to flowshop scheduling,? IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, vol. 28, no. 3, pp. 392?403, 1998.","journal-title":"IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics"},{"key":"CR61","unstructured":"A. Jain and S. Meeran ?A state-of-the-art review of job-shop scheduling techniques,? Technical report, University of Dundee, 1998."},{"key":"CR62","first-page":"196","volume-title":"Congress on Evolutionary Computation","author":"A. Jan","year":"2000","unstructured":"A. Jan, M. Yamamoto, and A. Ohuchi ?Evolutionary algorithms for nurse scheduling problem,? in Congress on Evolutionary Computation, 2000, IEEE Press: Piscataway, NJ, pp. 196?203."},{"key":"CR63","first-page":"1144","volume-title":"Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference, GECCO-2001","author":"M. Jensen","year":"2001","unstructured":"M. Jensen ?Finding worst-cae flexible schedules using co-evolution,? in Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference, GECCO-2001, Spector et al. (Eds.) Morgan Kaufmann: San Francisco, California, USA, 2001, pp. 1144?1151."},{"key":"CR64","unstructured":"M. Jensen and T. Hansen ?Robust solutions to job-shop problems,? in Proceedings of the 1999 Congress on Evolutionary Computation, P. Angeline, Z. Michalewicz, M. Schoenhauer, X. Yao, and A. Zalzala, (Eds.) IEEE Press, 1999, vol. 2, pp. 1138?1144."},{"key":"CR65","first-page":"259","volume-title":"Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference (GEECCO)","author":"D. J. John","year":"2002","unstructured":"D. J. John ?Co-evolution with the bierwith-mattfeld hybrid scheduler,? in Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference (GEECCO), W. B. Langdon, et al. (Eds.) Morgan Kaufmann Publishers: New York, 2002, pp. 259."},{"key":"CR66","unstructured":"A. Juels and M. Wattenberg ?Stochastic hillclimbing as a baseline method for evaluating genetic algorithms,? Technical Report UCB Technical Report CSD-94-834, Department of Computer Science, University of California at Berkeley, 1994."},{"key":"CR67","first-page":"697","volume-title":"Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference","author":"J. Kaschel","year":"2000","unstructured":"J. Kaschel, B. Meier, M. Fischer, and T. Teich ?Evolutionary real-world shop floor scheduling using parallelization and parameter coevolution,? in Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference, D. Whitley et al. (Eds.) Morgan Kaufmann: San Francisco, CA, 2000, pp. 697?701."},{"key":"CR68","first-page":"368","volume-title":"Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Genetic Algorithms","author":"M. Kidwell","year":"1993","unstructured":"M. Kidwell ?Using genetic algorithms to schedule distributed tasks on a bus-based system,? in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Genetic Algorithms, S. Forrest (Ed.), Morgan Kaufmann: San Mateo, 1993, pp. 368?374."},{"key":"CR69","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","first-page":"335","DOI":"10.1016\/S0167-739X(99)00115-6","volume":"17","author":"R. King","year":"1999","unstructured":"R. King, S. Russ, A. Lambert, and D. Reese ?An artificial immune system model for intelligent agents,? Future Generation Computer Systems, Elsevier Science, vol. 17, pp. 335?343, 1999.","journal-title":"Future Generation Computer Systems, Elsevier Science"},{"key":"CR70","unstructured":"S. Kobayashi, I. Ono, and M. Yammamura ?An efficient genetic algorithm for job shop scheduling problems,? in ICGA, L. J. Eshelman (Ed.), Morgan Kaufmann, 1995, pp. 506?511."},{"issue":"1","key":"CR71","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","first-page":"205","DOI":"10.1016\/S0377-2217(96)00170-1","volume":"96","author":"R. Kolisch","year":"1996","unstructured":"R. Kolisch and A. Sprecher ?Psplib?a project scheduling problem library,? Eurpoean Journal of Operations Research, vol. 96, no. 1, pp. 205?216, 1996.","journal-title":"Eurpoean Journal of Operations Research"},{"key":"CR72","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","unstructured":"W. Langdon ?Scheduling maintenance of electrical power transmission networks using genetic programming,? in Artificial Intelligence Techniques in Power Systems, K. Warwick, A. Ekwue, and R. Aggarwal (Eds.) IEE Press, UK, 1997, chap. 10, pp. 220?237.","DOI":"10.1049\/PBPO022E_ch10"},{"key":"CR73","first-page":"181","volume-title":"Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1305","author":"W. Langdon","year":"1997","unstructured":"W. Langdon ?Scheduling planned maintenance of the south wales region of the national grid,? in Evolutionary Computing: AISB International Workshop 1997: Selected Papers, D. Corne, and J. Shapiro (Eds.), Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1305, Springer: Berlin, 1997, pp. 181?197."},{"key":"CR74","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","unstructured":"W. B. Langdon, E. Cant\u00fa-Paz, K. Mathias, R. Roy, D. Davis, R. Poli, K. Balakrishnan, V. Honavar, G. Rudolph, J. Wegener, L. Bull, M. A. Potter, A. C. Schultz, J. F. Miller, E. Burke, and N. Jonoska (Eds.) in GECCO 2002: Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers: New York, 2002.","DOI":"10.1007\/3-540-45105-6"},{"key":"CR75","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","unstructured":"S.-C. Lin, E. Goodman, and W. Punch ?Investigating parallel genetic algorithms on job shop scheduling problems,? in Evolutionary Programming VI, P. Angeline, R. Reynolds, J. McDonnell, and R. Eberhart (Eds.) Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1213, Springer, 1997, pp. 383?393.","DOI":"10.1007\/BFb0014827"},{"key":"CR76","unstructured":"S.-C. Lin, E. D. Goodman, and W. F. Punch ?A genetic algorithm approach to dynamic job-shop scheduling problems,? in Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Genetic Algorithms, T. Back (Ed.), Morgan-Kaufmann, 1997, pp. 481?489."},{"key":"CR77","unstructured":"Mark drummond http:\/\/fi-www.arc.nasa.gov\/fia\/projects\/xfr\/papers\/benchmark-article.html."},{"key":"CR78","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","unstructured":"S. Matsui, I. Watanabe, and K. Tokoro ?Real-coded parameter-free genetic algorithms for job-shop scheduling,? in Parallel Problem Solving from Nature?PPSN VII, J. Merelo-Guervos, P. Adamidis, H.-G. Beyer, J.-L. Fernandez-Villacanas, and H.-P. Schwefel (Eds.) 2002, pp. 801?810.","DOI":"10.1007\/3-540-45712-7_77"},{"key":"CR79","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","volume-title":"Evolutionary Search and the Job-Shop","author":"D. C. Mattfield","year":"1996","unstructured":"D. C. Mattfield Evolutionary Search and the Job-Shop, Physica-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1996.","DOI":"10.1007\/978-3-662-11712-5"},{"key":"CR80","unstructured":"D. Merkle and M. Middendorf ?An ant algorithm with a new pheromone evaluation rule for total tardiness problems,? in Applications of Evolutionary Computing, EvoWorkshops (2000), S. Cagnoni et al. (Eds.) vol. 1803 of LNCS, Springer-Verlag, 2000, pp. 287?296."},{"key":"CR81","unstructured":"D. Merkle, M. Middendorf, and H. Schmeck ?Ant colony optimization for resource-constrained project scheduling,? in Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference (GECCO ?00), D. Whitleyet al. (Eds.) Morgan Kaufmann, 2000: Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 8?12,2000, pp. 893?900."},{"key":"CR82","unstructured":"K. Miyashita ?Job-shop scheduling with GP,? in Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference (GECCO-2000), D. Whitley, D. Goldberg, E. Cantu-Paz, L. Spector I. Parmee, and H.-G. Beyer (Eds.) Morgan Kaufmann: Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, 10?12 July 2000, pp. 505?512."},{"key":"CR83","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","unstructured":"D. Montana, G. Bidwell, G. Vidaver, and J. Herrero ?Scheduling and route selection for military land moves using genetic algorithms,? in Congress on Evolutionary Computation, P. Angeline, Z. Michalewicz, M. Schoenauer X. Yao, and A. Zalzala (Eds.) IEEE Press, 1999, pp. 1118-1123.","DOI":"10.1109\/CEC.1999.782548"},{"key":"CR84","unstructured":"D. Montanta ?A reconfigurable optimising scheduler,? in Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference, GECCO -2001, L. Spector et al. (Eds.) Morgan Kaufmann: San Francisco, California, USA, 2001, pp. 1159?1166."},{"key":"CR85","unstructured":"M. Mori and T. Fukuda ?Immune algorithm and its application to factory load dispatching,? in Proc. of the JAPAN-USA Symposium on Flexible Automation, 1994, pp. 1343?1346."},{"key":"CR86","unstructured":"M. Mori, M. Tsukiyama, and T. Fukuda ?Adapative scheduling system inspired by the immune system,? in Proceedings of the IEEE Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, IEEE Computer Society Press: Los Alamitos, US, 1998, pp. 3833?3837."},{"key":"CR87","volume-title":"Heuristic Scheduling Systems","author":"T. Morton","year":"1993","unstructured":"T. Morton and D. Pentico Heuristic Scheduling Systems, John Wiley: New York, 1993."},{"key":"CR88","unstructured":"R. Nakano and T. Yamada ?Conventional genetic algorithm for job shop problems,? in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Genetic Algorithms, R. Belew and B. L. Booker (Eds.) Morgan Kaufmann: San Mateo, 1991."},{"key":"CR89","unstructured":"Nasa new millenium program. http:\/\/nmp.jpl.nasa.gov\/."},{"key":"CR90","unstructured":"Neosoft http:\/\/www.NeoSoft.com\/benchmarx\/."},{"key":"CR91","unstructured":"B. Norman and J. Bean ?Random keys genetic algorith m for job shop scheduling,? Technical report, Department of Industrial and Operations Engineering, University of Michigan, 1994."},{"key":"CR92","unstructured":"B. Norman and J. Bean ?Operation sequencing and tool assignment for multiple spindle cnc machines,? in ICEC?97: Proceedings of the 1997 IEEE International Conference on Evolutionary Computation, IEEE Press: Piscataway, NJ, 1997, pp. 425?429."},{"key":"CR93","first-page":"160","volume":"91","author":"E. Nowicki","year":"1996","unstructured":"E. Nowicki and C. Smutnicki ?A fast tabu search algorithm for the permutation flowshop problem,? European Journal of OR, Elsevier, vol. 91, pp. 160?175, 1996.","journal-title":"European Journal of OR, Elsevier"},{"key":"CR94","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","unstructured":"I. Ono, M. Yamamura, and S. Kobayashi ?A genetic algorithm for job shop scheduling problems using job-based order crossover,? in ICEC?96: Proceedings of the 1996 IEEE International Conference on Evolutionary Computation, IEEE, 1996, pp. 547?552.","DOI":"10.1109\/ICEC.1996.542658"},{"key":"CR95","unstructured":"S. Ottner ?Developing scheduling software using genetic algorithms in a commercial environment,? in GECC) 2002: Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference, W. B. Langdon et al. (Eds.)Morgan Kaufmann Publishers: New York, 2002, pp. 80?87."},{"key":"CR96","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","unstructured":"R. Padman and S. Roehrig ?A genetic programming approach for heuristic selection in constrained project scheduling,? in Interfaces in Computer Science and Operations Research: Advances in Metaheuristics, Optimization, and Stochastic Modeling Technologies, R. S. Barr, R. V. Helgason, and J. L. Kennington (Eds.) Kluwer Academic Publishers: Norwell, MA, USA, 1997, chap. 18, pp. 405-421.","DOI":"10.1007\/978-1-4615-4102-8_18"},{"key":"CR97","unstructured":"G. Palmer An Integrated Approach to Manufacturing Planning. PhD thesis, School of Engineering, University of Huddersfield, 1994."},{"issue":"1","key":"CR98","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","first-page":"45","DOI":"10.1287\/opre.25.1.45","volume":"25","author":"S. Panwalker","year":"1977","unstructured":"S. Panwalker and W. Iskander ?A survey of scheduling rules,? Operations Research, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 45?61, 1977.","journal-title":"Operations Research"},{"key":"CR99","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","first-page":"135","DOI":"10.1016\/0305-0548(93)E0024-N","volume":"22","author":"P. Poon","year":"1995","unstructured":"P. Poon and N. Carter ?J. Genetic algorithm crossover operators for ordering applications,? Computers and Operations Research, vol. 22, pp. 135?147, 1995.","journal-title":"Computers and Operations Research"},{"key":"CR100","unstructured":"E. Ramat, G. Venturini, C. Lente, and M. Simane ?Solving the multiple resource constrained project scheduling problem with a hybrid genetic algorithm,? in Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Genetic Algorithms, T. Back (Ed.), Morgan Kaufmann, 1997, pp. 489?496."},{"key":"CR101","unstructured":"S. Rana, A. Howe, K. Mathias, and D. Whitley ?Comparing heuristic, evolutionary and local search approaches to scheduling,? in The Third Artificial Intelligence Planning Systems Conference?AIPS-96, B. Drabble (Ed.), AAAI Press, 1996, pp. 174?181."},{"key":"CR102","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","first-page":"45","DOI":"10.1162\/evco.1998.6.1.45","volume":"6","author":"C. Reeves","year":"1998","unstructured":"C. Reeves and T. Yamada ?Genetic algorithms, path-relinking and the flowshop sequencing problem,? Evolutionary Computation, vol. 6, pp. 45?60, 1998.","journal-title":"Evolutionary Computation"},{"key":"CR103","first-page":"115","volume-title":"Some Observations about ga Based Timetabling","author":"P. Ross","year":"1997","unstructured":"P. Ross, E. Hart, and D. Corne Some Observations about ga Based Timetabling, Springer-Verlag: Heidelberg, 1997, pp. 115?130."},{"key":"CR104","unstructured":"K. R. Ryu, J. Hwang, H. R. Choi, and K. K. Cho ?A genetic algorithm hybrid for hierarchical reactive scheduling,? in Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Genetic Algorithms, T. Back (Ed.), Morgan Kaufmann, 1997, pp. 497?505."},{"key":"CR105","unstructured":"J. Sakuma and S. Kobayashi ?Extrapolation-directed crossover for job-shop scheduling problems: Complementary combination with jox,? in Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference (GECCO ?00), D. Whitley, et al. (Eds.)Morgan Kaufmann, 2000, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 8?12, 2000, pp. 973?980."},{"key":"CR106","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","unstructured":"H. Sawai and S. Kizu ?Parameter-free genetic algorithm inspired by ?disparity theory of evolution,??in Proceedings of PPSN-V, Springer-Verlag: Berlin-Heidelberg, 1998, pp. 702?711.","DOI":"10.1007\/BFb0056912"},{"key":"CR107","unstructured":"K. Shaw and P. Fleming ?Initial study of practical multi-objective genetic algorithms for scheduling the production of chilled ready meals,? in Proceedings of Mendel?96, the 2nd International Mendel Conference on Genetic Algorithms, P. Osmera (Ed.), ISBN 80-214-0769-7, 1996."},{"key":"CR108","unstructured":"L. Spector, E. D. Goodman, A. Wu, W. B. Langdon, H.-M. Voigt, M. Gen, S. Sen, M. Dorigo, S. Pezeshk, M. H. Garzon, and E. Burke (Eds.) in Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference, GECCO -2001, Morgan Kaufmann: San Francisco, California, USA, 2001."},{"key":"CR109","unstructured":"T. Starkweather, S. McDaniel, K. Mathias, D. Whitley, and C. Whitley ?A comparison of genetic sequencing operators,? in Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Genetic Algorithms, R. Belew and B. L. Booker (Eds.) Morgan Kaufmann: San Mateo, 1991."},{"key":"CR110","unstructured":"T. St \u00fc tzle ?An ant approach for the flowshop problem,? in Proceedings of the 6th European Congress on Intelligent Techniques and Soft Computing (EUFIT?98), H. Zimmerman (Ed.), Verlag Mainz: Aachen, Germany, 1998, vol. 3, pp. 1560?1564."},{"key":"CR111","first-page":"245","volume-title":"Artificial Neural Networks and Genetic Algorithms","author":"T. St \u00fc tzle","year":"1998","unstructured":"T. St \u00fc tzle and H. Hoos ?Improvements on the ant system: Introducing MAXMIN ant system,? in Artificial Neural Networks and Genetic Algorithms, G. Smith and R. Steele (Eds.) Springer-Verlag: Wien, 1998, pp. 245?259."},{"key":"CR112","first-page":"332","volume-title":"in Handbook of Genetic Algorithms","author":"G. Syswerda","year":"1991","unstructured":"G. Syswerda ?Schedule optimization using genetic algorithms,? in Handbook of Genetic Algorithms, L. Davis (Ed.), New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1991, pp. 332?349."},{"key":"CR113","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","first-page":"65","DOI":"10.1016\/0377-2217(90)90090-X","volume":"47","author":"E. Taillard","year":"1990","unstructured":"E. Taillard ?Some efficient heuristic methods for the flowshop sequencing problem,? European Journal of Operations Research, Elsevier, vol. 47, pp. 65?74, 1990.","journal-title":"European Journal of Operations Research, Elsevier"},{"key":"CR114","first-page":"278","volume":"64","author":"E. Taillard","year":"1993","unstructured":"E. Taillard ?Benchmarks for basic scheduling problems,? European Journal of O perations R esearch, Elsevier, vol. 64, pp. 278?285, 1993.","journal-title":"European Journal of O perations R esearch, Elsevier"},{"key":"CR115","unstructured":"D. Todd and P. Sen ?Multiple criteria scheduling using genetic algorithms in a shipyard environment,? in Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Computer Applications in Shipbuilding, K. Johannson and T. Koyama (Eds.)ISBN 4930966027, 1997, pp. 259?274."},{"key":"CR116","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","first-page":"302","DOI":"10.1287\/ijoc.8.3.302","volume":"8","author":"R. Vaessens","year":"1996","unstructured":"R. Vaessens, E. Aarts, and J. Lenstra ?Job shop scheduling by local search,? INFORMS Journal of Computing, vol. 8, pp. 302?317, 1996.","journal-title":"INFORMS Journal of Computing"},{"key":"CR117","unstructured":"M. V\u00e1squez and L. Whitley ?A comparison of genetic algorithms for the dynamic job shop scheduling problem,? in Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference (GECCO ?00), D. Whitley et al. (Eds.) Morgan Kaufmann, 2000, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 8?12, 2000, pp. 1011-1018."},{"key":"CR118","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","unstructured":"M. V\u00e1squez and L. Whitley ?A comparison of genetic algorithms for the static job shop scheduling problem,? in PPSN VI: Proceedings of the Parallel Problem Solving from Nature Conference, M. Schoenhauer (Ed.), Springer: London, 2000, pp. 303?312.","DOI":"10.1007\/3-540-45356-3_30"},{"key":"CR119","unstructured":"J. Watson, L. Barbulescu, A. Howe, and L. Whitley ?Algorithm performance and problem structure for flowshop scheduling,? in Proceedings of the Sixteenth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence, J. Hendler et al. (Eds.) AAAI: Menlo Park, CA, 1999, pp. 688?695."},{"key":"CR120","unstructured":"D. Whitley, D. E. Goldberg, E. Cant \u00fa -Paz, L Spector, I. C. Parmee, and H.-G. Beyer (Eds.) in Proceedings of the Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference (GECCO ?00), Morgan Kaufmann, 2000, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, July 8?12, 2000."},{"key":"CR121","unstructured":"D. Whitley, T. Starkweather, and D. Fuquay ?Scheduling problems and travelling salesmen: The genetic edge recombination operator,? in Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Genetic Algorithms, J. D. Schaffer (Ed.), Morgan Kaufmann: San Mateo, 1989, pp. 133?140."},{"key":"CR122","first-page":"350","volume-title":"in Handbook of Genetic Algorithms","author":"D. Whitley","year":"1991","unstructured":"D. Whitley, T. Starkweather, and D. Shaner ?Traveling salesman and sequence scheduling: Quality solutions using genetic edge recombination,? in Handbook of Genetic Algorithms, L. Davis (Ed.), Van Nostrand Reinhold: New York, 1991, pp. 350?372."},{"issue":"1","key":"CR123","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","first-page":"67","DOI":"10.1109\/4235.585893","volume":"1","author":"D. Wolpert","year":"1997","unstructured":"D. Wolpert and W. Macready ?No free lunch theorems for optimization,? IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 67?82, 1997.","journal-title":"IEEE Transactions on Evolutionary Computation"},{"key":"CR124","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","first-page":"113","DOI":"10.1287\/opre.47.1.113","volume":"47","author":"S. Wu","year":"1999","unstructured":"S. Wu, E. Byeon, and R. Storer ?A graph-theoretic decomposition of the job-shop scheduling problem to achieve scheduling robustness,? Operations Research, vol. 47, pp. 113?124, 1999.","journal-title":"Operations Research"},{"key":"CR125","doi-asserted-by":"crossref","first-page":"960","DOI":"10.1007\/3-540-61723-X_1059","volume-title":"in Parallel Problem Solving from Nature?PPSN IV","author":"T. Yamada","year":"1996","unstructured":"T. Yamada and R. Nakano ?Scheduling by genetic local search with multi-step crossover,? in Parallel Problem Solving from Nature?PPSN IV, H.-M. Voigt, W. Ebeling, I. Rechenberg, and H.-P. Schwefel (Eds.) Lecture Notes in Computer Science 1141, Springer, 1996, pp. 960?969."},{"key":"CR126","unstructured":"J. Zhang, L. Zhao, and W. Kwon ?Scheduling and optimization for a class of single-stage hybrid manufacturing systems,? in Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Robotics and Automation, IEEE, 2001, pp. 3115?3120."}],"container-title":["Genetic Programming and Evolvable Machines"],"original-title":[],"language":"en","link":[{"URL":"http:\/\/link.springer.com\/content\/pdf\/10.1007\/s10710-005-7580-7.pdf","content-type":"application\/pdf","content-version":"vor","intended-application":"text-mining"},{"URL":"http:\/\/link.springer.com\/article\/10.1007\/s10710-005-7580-7\/fulltext.html","content-type":"text\/html","content-version":"vor","intended-application":"text-mining"},{"URL":"http:\/\/link.springer.com\/content\/pdf\/10.1007\/s10710-005-7580-7","content-type":"unspecified","content-version":"vor","intended-application":"similarity-checking"}],"deposited":{"date-parts":[[2020,4,5]],"date-time":"2020-04-05T19:36:30Z","timestamp":1586115390000},"score":1,"resource":{"primary":{"URL":"http:\/\/link.springer.com\/10.1007\/s10710-005-7580-7"}},"subtitle":[],"short-title":[],"issued":{"date-parts":[[2005,6]]},"references-count":126,"journal-issue":{"issue":"2","published-print":{"date-parts":[[2005,6]]}},"alternative-id":["7580"],"URL":"http:\/\/dx.doi.org\/10.1007\/s10710-005-7580-7","relation":{},"ISSN":["1389-2576","1573-7632"],"issn-type":[{"value":"1389-2576","type":"print"},{"value":"1573-7632","type":"electronic"}],"subject":["Computer Science Applications","Hardware and Architecture","Theoretical Computer Science","Software"],"published":{"date-parts":[[2005,6]]}}}